Service P+us Car Care Centre
Oct 20, 2015

Choosing The Right Engine Oil

Posted By in Maintenance Tips | No Comments »

Your engine is one of the most important components of your car. Without it, where would you be? The answer is: nowhere. Since your engine is such an important element, it is crucial that you treat it as such. You can do this by choosing the right engine oil.

Choosing The Right Engine Oil

First, let’s simply explore how your engine works. Engines work through internal combustion. The cycle an engine goes through is as follows:

  1. There is an intake stroke. This is a process where the intake valve opens and the piston moves downwards so the engine can consume air and gasoline.
  2. Compression of the fuel and air mix occurs as the piston moves back upwards.
  3. As the piston continues to move upwards and reach the top, the spark plug ignites the gasoline causing it to explode and drive the piston downwards.
  4. When the piston hits the bottom, the exhaust leaves the cylinder through the tailpipe.
  5. The cycle repeats.

Now that you have a general idea of how an engine works, it’s time for you to choose the right engine oil. This will help you to properly maintain the vehicle since oil is essential to lubricate and cool your engine’s moving parts. When choosing the right engine oil, keep the following in mind:

  • Viscosity
  • This can be defined as the resistance to flow by a fluid. When choosing an engine oil, thicker oil is known to be a better sealant and creates a better layer of lubrication between parts. Viscosity is typically notated as “XW-XX”. The number before the “W” indicates the oil’s flow at -17.8° C, “W” means winter, and the numbers following are the oil’s viscosity at 100° C. An owner’s manual can be referred to as to what the best viscosity range is for your car.

  • Labels
  • Be sure that the oil meets the current American Petroleum Institute (API) standards known as “SL”. The label on the oil will let you know if the oil has passed the SL service tests and Energy Conserving tests.

  • Different types of oil
  • There are many different types of engine oils on the market. Premium conventional oil is your standard oil for new cars available in many viscosities. Full synthetic oil are made entirely of synthetics for engines that are high-tech. Synthetic blend oil is a mix of organic and synthetic oil that is suitable for heavy loads and high temps. Higher mileage oil is made for cars with more mileage on the odometer.

By knowing your car and considering the different types of oils at great length, it will be easy to choose the right oil for you. You may also want to consult with your mechanic for some sage advice.

Leave a Reply